Does your Apple Bleed when You Bite?
RUSH TO THE DENTIST!!!!
It’s your gums that is bleeding and not the Apple!
Bleeding gums basically occur due to Gingivitis. Gingivitis is inflammation of gums due to plaque and calculus accumulation on the surface of the tooth. Plaque is a thin biofilm of microorganisms and remnant food deposits. When the plaque calcifies over time and becomes hard, it is known as calculus. It can be yellow or black in color. Plaque deposit is also a major reason for bad breath/ halitosis.
When the gingivitis is left untreated, it progress into Periodontitis by affecting the underlying tissues. This stage is more advanced and may lead to mobility of tooth and further loss of tooth over time.
The various other reasons for Bleeding Gums:
1. Hard brushing and improper flossing – using excessive force while brushing your teeth may injure the gums and lead to bleeding. Also improper brushing and flossing leads to plaque accumulation and further ahead to gingivitis.
2. Ill fitting dentures – dentures which do not fit well may cause trauma to the gum tissues and lead to bleeding and ulcer formations.
3. Medical conditions such as Hemophilia, leukemia, liver cirrhosis, pernicious anaemia etc can lead to bleeding gums.
4. Pregnancy – during pregnancy various hormonal changes occur which alters the body’s response to bacteria and therefore it is more prone to infection and bleeding. Hence, it is important to maintain your oral hygiene during pregnancy.
5.Drugs – patients who are on blood thinning agents, high blood pressure medications, Antidepressants, Sedatives, Pain medications, Parkinson’s disease medications, Antacids etc are more prone to bleeding gums.
6. Vitamin deficiency – vitamin c deficiency also called as scurvy leads to bleeding gums, vitamin K plays a role clotting hence the deficiency results in bleeding.
Remedies for Bleeding Gums:
1.Visiting your dentist at least once every 6 months for oral prophylaxis is mandatory.
2.Use a soft or a medium-bristle toothbrush with a correct tooth brushing technique (visit your dentist to know it) at least twice a day.
3.Flossing teeth daily can prevent plaque formation. Use a water flosser which is effective and easy to use. Use of an oral irrigation device on the low setting helps massage your gums.
4. Rinse your mouth after every meal and use mouthwashes or oral foams without alcohol, this will help.
5. Follow a balanced and healthy diet. Try to avoid snacking between meals and cut down on your carbohydrate intake.
6. Avoid smoking and chewing tobacco, since it makes bleeding gums worse.
7. If you have been diagnosed with a vitamin deficiency, take vitamin supplements.
8. Avoid aspirin unless your health care provider has prescribed it. If side effects of a medicine are causing bleeding gums, ask your doctor to prescribe a different drug.
9. See your dentist if your dentures or other dental appliances do not fit well or are causing sore spots on your gums.